Kilauea volcano update, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park
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Current update !

Current Conditions Courtesy USGS - Hawaiian Volcano Observatory

Kīlauea summit and lower East Rift Zone

Activity Summary: Kīlauea Volcano is not erupting. Monitoring data continue to
show steady rates of seismicity and ground deformation, low rates of sulfur
dioxide emission, and only minor geologic changes since the end of eruptive
activity in September 2018. Water has begun pooling at the lowest elevations in
summit crater. Currently there are two small puddles that began forming on July
25, 2019 and August 1, 2019. These puddles continue to slowly expand and

Observations: Monitoring data have shown no significant changes in volcanic
activity over the past week. Rates of earthquake activity or seismicity across the
volcano remain low. Sulfur dioxide emission rates are low at the summit and are
below detection limits at Puʻu ʻŌʻō and the Lower East Rift Zone.

Although not currently erupting, at and uprift of the 2018 lower East Rift Zone
eruptive fissures, there are areas of persistently elevated ground temperatures and
minor release of gases. These include steam (water), very small amounts of
hydrogen sulfide, and carbon dioxide. These conditions are expected to be long-
term. Similar conditions following the 1955 eruption continued for years to
decades after the end of activity.

Since early March 2019, GPS stations and tiltmeters at the Kīlauea summit have
recorded deformation consistent with slow magma accumulation within the
shallow portion of the Kīlauea summit magma system (1-2 km or approximately 1
mile below ground level). However, gas measurements have yet to indicate
significant shallowing of magma. HVO continues to carefully monitor all data
streams at the Kīlauea summit for important changes.

Further east, GPS stations and tiltmeters continue to show motions consistent with
slowed refilling of the deep East Rift Zone magmatic reservoir in the broad region
between Puʻu ʻŌʻō and Highway 130. While the significance of this pattern is
unclear, monitoring data do not suggest any imminent change in volcanic hazard
for this area. In addition to motion along the East Rift Zone, the south flank of
Kīlauea continues to creep seaward at elevated rates following the May 4, 2018
M6.9 earthquake near Kalapana. HVO continues to carefully monitor all data
streams along the Kīlauea East Rift Zone and south flank for important changes.

Hazards: Hazards remain in the lower East Rift Zone eruption area and at the
Kīlauea summit. Residents and visitors near the 2018 fissures, lava flows, and
summit collapse area should heed Hawaii County Civil Defense and National Park
warnings. Lava flows and features created by the 2018 eruption are primarily on
private property and persons are asked to be respectful and not enter or park on
private property.

The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) continues to closely monitor geologic
changes, seismicity, deformation, and gas emissions for any sign of increased
activity at Kīlauea. HVO maintains visual surveillance of the volcano with web
cameras and field visits. Additional messages and alert level changes will be issued
as warranted by changing activity.

Background As of June 25, Kīlauea Volcano has been at NORMAL/GREEN. For
definitions of USGS Volcano Alert Levels and Aviation Color Codes, see: https:
// Kīlauea remains an active volcano,
and it will erupt again. Although we expect clear signs prior to the next eruption,
the time frame of warning may be short.
Activity Summary also available by phone: (808) 967-8862

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